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美联社:中国禁止突厥维吾尔少数民族的学者出访美国
(博讯北京时间2013年2月03日 转载)
    
    美联社2月3日北京讯 周日,来自中国突厥维吾尔少数民族的著名学者表示,试图乘飞机前往美国,却在北京首都机场被扣押。扣留12小时多之后,他被带回家。当局这明显的惩罚与他最近一系列批评中国共产党统治政策有关。
    

    伊力哈木·土赫提说,他本打算去往印第安纳大学做为期一年的访问学者,但周六被阻止离开中国。他表示,从早上8:45到晚上9点多,他受到三组不同人员的审讯,但其中任何人没有告诉他为什么被扣押。
    
    采访中伊力哈木透露说,前10个小时,审讯人员不让他上厕所,也拒绝提供饮食。然而,他们允许与他同行的18岁女儿登上飞机。伊力哈木表示,这可能是负责监控的一位女警官的举措。
    
    “他们没有任何理由怀疑我,没有理由扣留我,也没有理由剥夺一个合法公民的旅行权利,”伊力哈木说道。“我强烈谴责他们残暴、野蛮的行为,并继续争取我的旅行权利。”
    
    机场的警察和海关人员表示,他们对此事件不知情。
    
    北京的经济学家伊力哈木·土赫提,2009年发生在维吾尔人故乡新疆首府的致命骚乱之后,曾多次被禁止出行并软禁。2009年的骚乱导致全国范围内的众多维吾尔活动人士遭镇压。
    
    在种族、文化、宗教以及语言方面与中国主体民族汉人有区别的维吾尔穆斯林长期在严厉的共产党统治下生活,并早已恼羞成怒。许多维吾尔人指控当局频繁的歧视行为,包括旅行限制,无法获得护照,并且对从1949年共产党执政以来大量汉族移民涌入新疆表示憎恨。
    
    虽然伊力哈木并没有参与新疆独立的呼吁当中,但他在民族政策上坦率言论让他成为国家安全部门的目标。除了旅行限制之外,国保没收了他6岁儿子居住许可证(户口薄),导致他不能注册小学,他表示。
    
    “我的家人时刻承受着更大的压力,”伊力哈木·土赫提说:“我现在一分钟都不想呆在这个国家。”
    
    来源:美联社 译者:维吾尔在线
    
    (中文为维吾尔在线首发,转载请注明出处!)
    
    原文:
    
    China bars Uighur scholar from traveling to the US
    
    By CHRISTOPHER BODEEN Associated Press
    
    Updated: 02/03/2013 03:49:36 AM EST
    
    BEIJING—A prominent scholar from China's Turkic Uighur ethnic minority said Sunday he was detained for more than 12 hours at Beijing's airport and then sent home when attempting to board a flight to the U.S., the latest in a series of apparent punishments in retaliation for his criticism of ruling Communist Party policies.
    
    Ilham Tohti said he was planning to take up a year-long fellowship at Indiana University when he was prevented from leaving the country on Saturday. He said he was interrogated from 8:45 a.m. until after 9:00 p.m. by three separate groups of officers, none of whom gave him any reason why he was being detained.
    
    For the first 10 hours, officers refused to allow him to use the bathroom or provide food and water, Tohti said in an interview. However, they did allow his 18-year-old daughter, who was traveling with him, to board their flight, a move Tohti said was likely an oversight on behalf of the policewoman in charge.
    
    "They had no reason to doubt me, no reason to detain, no reason to deprive a lawful citizen of his right to travel," Tohti said. "I strongly condemn their brutal, barbaric behavior and will continue to pursue my right to travel."
    
    Police and customs agents at the airport said they had no information about the case.
    
    A Beijing-based economist, Tohti has been barred from traveling and placed under house arrest numerous times in the wake of deadly ethnic rioting in the capital of the Uighur ethnic homeland of Xinjiang in 2009 that sparked a nationwide crackdown on Uighur activists.
    
    Muslim Uighurs, who are ethnically, culturally, religiously, and linguistically distinct from China's Han majority, have long chafed under heavy-handed communist rule. Many Uighurs allege frequent discrimination, including travel restrictions and an inability to obtain passports, and also resent the presence and relative prosperity of Han migrants who have flooded into Xinjiang since the Communist revolution in 1949.
    
    While Tohti has not joined in calls for Xinjiang's independence, his outspokenness on ethnic policies has made him a target of the security services. In addition to travel restrictions, Ministry of Public Security special agents confiscated his six-year-old son's residency permit, making it impossible to register him for elementary school, he said.
    
    "My family is coming under heavier pressure all the time," Tohti said. "I really don't wish to stay in this country a minute more."
    
    Source: http://www.ydr.com/nation-world/ci_22510125/china-bars-uighur-scholar-from-traveling-us _(博讯自由发稿区发稿) (博讯 boxun.com)
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